Abu Hanifah, Numan ibn Thabit (d. 150/767) is one of the great pioneers in the history of Islamic Law. He was among the first to deploy the recognized methods of legal reasoning consistently, and to gather the judgements and rulings of his time into a systematic corpus. The fiqh that evolved from his style of reasoning, carried on by his brilliant students, became associated with his name. The Hanafi school is the one most widely followed among the worlds Sunni Muslims.
This study of Abu Hanifah’s life and legacy is based on the traditional sources. It includes a short survey of how Hanafi fiqh evolved in different regions of the Islamic world. It offers a clear reminder of the criteria and conditions traditionally applied before any ruling gained general acceptance.
Mohammed Akram Nadwi, former student then teacher of Hanafi and Shafii law at the prestigious Nadwat al-Ulama (Lucknow, India), is currently a Research Fellow at the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. He is the author (in Arabic) of several biographies, and editions and translations of classical hadith and fiqh works. His most recent publications in English are a multi-volume primer of Hanafi fiqh, al-Fiqh al-Islami, (2007), and al-Muhaddithat: the Women Scholars in Islam (2007).